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TIP of the Day

INSULIN THERAPY

Insulin is a hormone, which keeps your blood sugar with in normal limits. Whenever we eat food it gets digested & gets converted in to glucose. Glucose thus formed gets absorbed and goes to blood, and from blood it is transported to cells with the help of Insulin.

TYPES OF INSULIN :

  • Human Insulins : 1. Regular/Short acting (Human Actrapid, HuminsulinR) 2. Premix (Human Mixtard 30, Human Mixtard 50, Huminsulin30:70 & 50:50) 3. Intermediate (Human NPH) 4. Long Acting (Human Lente)
  • Insulin Analogues : 1. Rapid Acting (NovoRapid, Humalog, Apidra) 2. Premix (Novomix30, Novomix 50, Humalog-mix 25 & 50) 3. Long Acting - Glargine(Lantus), Detemir (Levemir)

Indications for taking insulin are:

  • All cases of Type 1 Diabetes (Children)
  • In Type 2 Diabetes (Adults) in following situations:
    1. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    2. Failure with oral drugs
    3. Pregnancy
    4. Major Surgery
    5. Serious Infection
    6. Major Complications e.g. Nephropathy, Neuropathy, Retinopathy etc.

Sites for Insulin Injection:

  • Back and Outer aspects of Arms.
  • Outer aspects of Thighs.
  • Abdomen around Navel (1 inch away from umbilicus)
  • Buttocks

The most preferred site is "Abdomen"

SOME IMPORTANT TIPS FOR INSULIN:

  • Always check the Type of Insulin, Manufacturing and Expiry Date; and also Type of Syringe.
  • Always learn to take Insulin yourself and never change the type and dose of Insulin.
  • Always take Insulin Analogue 10-15 min, Regular Insulin ½ hour, NPH Insulin 1 hour before meals; and Insulin Glargine or Detemir after meals.
  • Always store Insulin in door shelf of Refrigerator or in a Cool place.
  • Always take some Insulin even during Fast.
  • Always maintain a chart for Dose & Type of Insulin.
  • Always inject Insulin at 90 degree in obese/normal and at 45-60 degree in lean patients.
  • Always rotate the sites for Insulin injection and put a mark after every injection. Never inject in an area to be exercised.

There is a common myth that Insulin is habit forming, it is wrong and totally baseless, as insulin is a life-saving drug and is essential for control of blood sugar esp. when oral drugs fail.

Always remember that "INSULIN IS A NEED AND NOT A HABIT"

INSULIN PUMP :

Insulin Pump is a medical device used for the administration of insulin in patients with diabetes, also known as Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) therapy. The device includes: 1. Pump (including Controls, Processing module, and Batteries) 2. Disposable Reservoir for insulin (inside the pump) 3. Disposable infusion set, including a cannula for subcutaneous insertion (under the skin) 4. a tubing system to interface the insulin reservoir to the cannula.

An insulin pump is an alternative to Multiple Subcutaneous Insulin injections (MSI) of insulin and allows for intensive insulin therapy when used in conjunction with blood glucose monitoring and "Carb Counting"

Contact Us


Dr. VINOD MITTAL

Sr. Diabetologist & Physician
Specialist in Life Style Diseases

Address:

 
Delhi Diabetes Care Centre
5/11791, Sat Nagar, Karol Bagh, New Delhi- 110005
Daily 12- 2 pm & 7-9 pm (Except Sunday)
Ph: 25730300, 25862685
Mobile : 9810956373
Delhi Heart & Lung Institute
3 MM-II, Panchkuin Road,
New Delhi -110055
DAILY 10 am - 12 noon (Except Sunday)
Ph: 42999999, 42999900
E-mail:
mail@delhidiabetescentre.com, drmittal@delhidiabetescentre.com, drvinodmittal@gmail.com